6. Is the earth in danger? - Use your english


If we didn’t want air pollution, the concentration of smoke in the air should be controlled.

If people didn’t leave litter in the street, there wouldn’t be land pollution.

If we didn’t stop killing animals, there wouldn’t be disruption.

If we didn’t want a global warming, the number of cars shouldn’t be reduced.


A. Fire (9); B. Typhoon (3); C. Earthquake

(5); D. Tidal wave (10); F. Volcano (7);

E.   Drought (6); G.Sandstorm (8); H. Landslide (1); I. Flood (4); J.Famine (2)


a) A.Tropical Storms; B. Eruptions;

C. Floods; D. Typhoons

b)   What information is offered in these short newspaper notes? — These short newspaper notes discuss about natural disasters such as tropical storms, eruptions, floods and typhoons.

How often do you read or hear the similar information? — Practically every day I hear this similar information in news. What are possible consequences of different natural disasters? — Different natural disasters destroy houses and buildings. People and animals die.

What measures can be taken to avoid natural disasters? — We must defend the environment.


The Hokkaido-Nansci-Oki earthquake on July 12 produced one of the largest tsunamis in Japan’s history. At 22:17 local time the Ms-7,8 quake rocked the west coast of Hokkaido and the small, offshore island of Okushiri in the Sea of Japan, generating a major tsunami. Within 2-5 minutes, extremely large waves engulfed the Okushiri coastline and the central west coast of Hokkaido. Extensive damage occurred on the southern tip of Okushiri Island at the town of Aonae. Tsunami vertical run up measurements varied between 15 and 30 m over a 20-km portion of the southern part of Okushiri Island, with several 10-ni values on the northern portion of the island. Along the west coast of Hokkaido, no survey values exceeded 10 m, but damage was extensive at several coastal towns. Given the sudden onset of the tsunami and its high energy, it is amazing that more people were not killed. As of July 21, 185 fatalities were confirmed, with 120 attributed to the tsunami. The death toll is expected to rise, as missing persons are included among the fatalities. Property losses have been estimated at $600 million, due principally to tsunami damage. Immediately following the quake, the Japanese dispatched damage assessment and survey teams. Most of these Japanese teams were mobilized and began surveying tsunami run up by July 13; three US scientists, under the auspices of the US — Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources (UJNR), joined Japanese scientists to complement the tsunami survey on July 18.