6. Is the earth in danger? - Writing



b) Travelling

Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They travel to see other continents and countries, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns. They travel to enjoy picturesque places or just for a change of scene. It’s always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try to different food, to listen to different musical rhythms. Those who live in the country like to go to the big city, visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dinning at exotic restaurants. City dwellers usually like acquired holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do. Most travelers and holiday makers take a camera with them and pictures of everything that interests them — the sight sights of a city, old churches, castles, views of mountains, lakes, lakes, waterfalls, forests, trees, flowers and plants, animals and birds. Later, perhaps years later, they will be reminded by the photos of the happy times they have had. People travel by boat, by train, by plane or on foot. All means of travel have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one according to their plans and destinations. If we are fond of travelling we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see at home, though we may read about them in books and newspapers, or on TV. Travelling by air is more popular in our days than other ways of travelling. You can see many continents and oceans, countries and rivers, cities and lakes. I enjoy staying at a hotel. It is more comfortable to stay there. You can enjoy being alone, to take a hot shower, to sleep in warm bed and many other advantages.


An educated person is one who knows a lot about many things. I think it is very important that everyone should be educated. Each pupil ought to do his best to become a useful member of our society. Education is very important in our life. Going on educational excursions gives us opportunities to acquire some scientific knowledge. In the Ukraine the school education is compulsory. Pupils begin to go to school at the age of six. When they complete high grades they can either continue to study at school for more 2 years, or go to a professional school where they study not only main subjects, but arc able to learn some profession. When school pupils leave school they can try to continue their education in institutes or universities. There are many school types of schools in Ukraine: specialized, polytechnic, musical art and others. Nowadays some new types of schools appeared: gymnasiums and colleges.


a) Computer in Our Life Computer studies are a subject in many schools. Many young people have personal computers. Ninety-six per cent of them are males of all ages. All of them spend an average of twenty hours per week on home computers. The majority of the adults also use computers at work. About one in three hundred computer owners, so-called computer addicts, spend almost all his time using computers. All the computer addicts arc very educated. They have been interested in science and technology from a very early age and they arc usually very shy people who like being alone. A survey in a school showed that fewer girls are interested in computers because girls are less likely to have a computer. Even if they have one, they use them less frequently than boys. Possibly it is because we think of computers as something to do with math and science, which are traditionally ‘male* subjects. Possibly it is because most of the computer teachers are men, who give the girls less attention. Possibly parents think it is less important for girls to have computer skills. Computer addicts love debugging, develop programs and love learning programming languages. They learnt to communicate with other users through computer networks and the people they met in school and work think of them as experts who could help

and advise when they had problems with their machines. A few spend their time ‘hacking’ and one addict left a message on a computer of Buckingham House. Very few computer addicts play computer games, but many people use a computer exclusively for games.


a) Nature

Nature, in the broadest sense, is equivalent to the natural world, physical world, or material world. ‘Nature’ refers to the phenomena of the physical world, and also to life in general. It ranges in scale from the subatomic to the cosmic.

The word nature is derived from the Latin word natural, or ‘essential qualities, innate disposition', and in ancient times, literally meant ‘birth’. Natural was a Latin translation of the Greek word ‘physis’, which originally related to the intrinsic characteristics that plants, animals, and other features of the world develop of their own accord. The concept of nature as a whole, the physical universe, is one of several expansions of the original notion. This usage was confirmed during the advent of modern scientific method in the last several centuries. Within the various uses of the word today, ‘nature’ may refer to the general realm of various types of living plants and animals, and in some cases to the processes associated with inanimate objects — the way that particular types of things exist and change of their own accord, such as the weather and geology of the Earth, and the matter and energy of which all these things are composed. It is often taken to mean the ’natural environment’ or wilderness — wild animals, rocks, forest, beaches, and in general those things that have not been substantially altered by human intervention, or which persist despite human intervention.

5.   Shopping

It’s difficult to imagine our life without shops. Every day we do shopping. There are different kinds of shops. They are butcher's, baker’s greengrocer’s where we buy meat, bread, different

fruit and vegetables or clothing shops where different clothes can be bought. Nowadays supermarkets and department stores are becoming more popular where people can reserve time and find a necessary good. Some people go to the market. As for me I prefer going to the market because I am a poor student but I have many friends who prefer the department store to a market. I’d like to tell you about my neighbour. He prefers Department store in Kharkiv. Where there are many departments in it. The shop sells all kinds of goods for both men and women and it has many departments. In every department there is a good selection of goods. It takes a little time to buy a necessary thing. So all this goods are of good quality and so they are very expensive. My friend adores doing shopping in the department store. As for me I dislike this shop. The service is much to desire. I think that shop assistant must help to choose good things because I have no much money I have to go to the market. On one hand market goods are cheaper on the other hand I am not sure in their quality. To tell the truth I don’t like to go shopping. My mother or grandmother does shopping in my family. They do their shopping at the market because meals are always fresh and not expensive here. They buy all necessary food. But sometimes I have gone to the shop if my relatives are very busy. I take a bag and go to the nearby shop. Advertisements play a very important role in our life. They often help me to make my choice. At first I read advertisements in newspapers or watch them on TV and then go to the shop. To my mind advertisements are of good adviser. We can discuss this topic very long because shops are essential part of our life.

6. School

I go to school five days a week except Saturday and Sunday when I have deserved rest.

Classes in our school start at 8 o’clock in the morning and last till 14:30.

Usually we have 6 or 7 lessons a day.

We study a lot of different subjects: Ukrainian, English, Russian and Ukrainian literatures. History, Geography, Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Maths, etc.

I like History, Ukrainian and English most of all.

I usually receive good marks in these subjects.

My teachers and parents think that I feel an inclination to these subjects. Every pupil has a record book where our teachers write down our marks and we write down home tasks.

I like going to school because here I have many friends and wise teachers who can always give a piece of advice.

And I like studying as well, it brings me a lot of pleasure and I like to learn new facts about the world.


What were in California and Mexico in 2010?

What did shake the 7,2-magnitude quake?

Where were the rides closed?

Where did many families run out into the streets?

What did people do when they felt the ground shake?

Holidaymakers enjoying some early-season sun in California and Mexico were hit in 2010 by one of the strongest earthquakes in the area for decades. The 7,2-magnitude quake shook tens of millions of people across two countries and three states swaying high-rise buildings from Los Angeles to Las Vegas and the border town of Tijuana. In California Disneyland rides were closed and inspected for damage and several historic hotels were evacuated as a precautionary measure. During the 40-second quake in Mexico many families who had been enjoying Easter celebrations ran out into the streets with children crying and screaming as the buildings shook and the power went out. In Tijuana, a popular holiday resort for American students celebrating 'spring break’, hundreds of people on the crowded beach feared the worst and fled when they felt the ground shake.