7. The world of painting - Reading


b) 1. Who is considered to be the father of modern Ukrainian painting? — Taras Shevchenko was considered the father of modern Ukrainian painting.

2. What period is connected with the development of abstraction and symbolism? — During the end of 19‘h and beginning of 20 centuries abstraction  and symbolism were developing.

3. What genre of painting was under the strong influence of Byzantine traditions? — Icon-painting was under the strong influence of Byzantine traditions.

4. What are the tendencies of the present-day Ukrainian art? — Present- day Ukrainian art is developing in harmony with world art. National theme remains topical in painting — in thematic and historical pictures, landscapes, associative and formalistic works.

5. What art schools played an important role at the beginning of the 20,b century? — Odessa art school and Kyiv drawing school occupied an important place at the beginning of the 20th century.

6. Why was Ukraine called East European Italy? — Inspired by romanticism mane painters of that time devoted their efforts to depicting rural scenery at it most beautiful. At that time Ukraine was called East European Italy. Artists from Russia and European countries visited Ukraine to enrich themselves with new themes and images.

7.   When did portrait painting appear as a separate genre? — Portrait painting as a separate genre appeared during the Renaissance (16 century) and

was strongly influenced by the icon tradition.

8. Who represented Ukrainian painting art of Soviet period? — Ukrainian art of Soviet period is represented by many talented painters as T.Yablonska, Y.Bokchai, O.Shovkunenko, R.Selskyi,

S. Shyshko, V. Zaretskyi and many others.

9. What style did Academy of Arts in St Petersburg cultivate? — Academy of Arts in St Petersburg cultivated the classicist style of painting then popular in Europe.


1. someone who produces art, especially painting or drawing (Ukrainian painters)

2. to describe something, especially in pictures or writing (Christ, the Virgin, angels and saints)

3.   to use talent, paintings, pictures, etc. in order to help something be successful (T.Shevchenko)

4. a particular type of art, which has certain characteristics that all examples of this type share (portrait painting)

5.   a picture that you have in your mind (lyrical landscape)

6. interesting or unusual, that is worth being noticed or mentioned (Mykhailo Boichuk Art School)

7.   well-known and important (Odessa art school and Kyiv drawing school)

8. to do something that expresses the feelings, opinions, manners, etc. of a group of people (consider as a classic of Ukrainian folk art)

9. a person who belongs to a certain group of people (Vrubel, Vasnetsov, Repin)

10.  the main subject or idea in a piece of painting (thematic and historical pictures, landscapes, associative and formalistic works)

11. interesting because it deals with something that is important at the present time (in harmony with world art)


Painting in England in the 17th — 19th centuries is represented by a number of great artists and during that period it was greatly represented by foreign painters. The Flemish painter Van Dyck was really the father of English Portrait

School. The English king personally invited Van Dyck to London and during his first year in England the painter spent most of his time painting the King and the Queen. Such prominent masters as Reynolds. Gainsborough and Lawrence were influenced by his work. He created a genre of aristocratic and intellectual portrait which influenced much the development of English painting.

During the 18th century the national school of painting was created. William Hogarth was the first great English painter who raised British pictorial art to a high level of importance. He wasn't success as a portrait painter. But his pictures of social life which he called ‘modern moral subject` brought him fame and position.