Ex. 3, p. 10. Who is your ideal woman?

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher (born 13 October 1925) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 until 1990. Born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, she studied chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford before qualifying as a barrister. In the 1959 general election she became MP for Finchley. Edward Heath appointed Thatcher Secretary of State for Education and Science in his 1970 government. In 1975 she became Leader of the Conservative Partу, the first woman to head a major UK political party. Following the 1979 general election she became Britain's first female Prime Minister. She entered 10 Downing Street determined to reverse what she perceived as a precipitous national decline] Her political philosophy and economic policies emphasized deregulation, particularly of the financial sector, flexible labour markets, and the sale or closure of state-owned companies and withdrawal of subsidies to others. Thatcher’s popularity sank amid recession and high unemployment, although economic recovery and the 1982 Falklands War brought a resurgence of support and she was re-elected in 1983. She survived an assassination attempt in 1984. She took a hard line against trade unions, and her tough rhetoric in opposition to the Soviet Union earned her the nickname of the '‘Iron Lady". Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, hut her poll tax was widely unpopular and her views oil the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet. She resigned as Prime Minister and party leader in November 1990 after Michael Heseltine’s challenge to her leadership of the Conservative Party, She holds a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher.